fri 12/07/2024

Francis Alÿs: A Story of Deception, Tate Modern | reviews, news & interviews

Francis Alÿs: A Story of Deception, Tate Modern

Francis Alÿs: A Story of Deception, Tate Modern

Whimsical, charming - and important. Alys dazzles at Tate Modern

Alys: The Green Line (2004)

In 1994, Francis Alÿs joined the regular hiring-line in the central square in Mexico City. Standing next to plumbers and carpenters with their hand-lettered signs touting their skills, his sign read "Turista", as he offered his ability to be an outsider looking in.

Three years later, he returned to the square, the centre of city life, and the site of the annual Independence Day parade, and the "Grito de Dolores", the patriotic ringing of the bells at the National Palace which up to half a million people attend. For Alÿs's own Patriotic Tales, his parade is smaller, as he walks around the central flagpole for half an hour, leading a sheep on a string, each circuit taking in an additional sheep until a full circle of sheep trots placidly behind him – or perhaps as he trots placidly behind them: which is led, which the leader? Then the sheep exit, leaving their ostensible leader to go around in circles on his own.

Whimsical, charming, meditative – these are all adjectives that have long been applied to the Belgian artist who has lived and worked in Mexico for a quarter of a century. But with this thrilling retrospective, a new adjective has to be added to the list: important. Alÿs, understated as always, makes no great claims for his works: walking, he says, is simply a way of telling stories. But the stories he chooses make him a narrator of tales that matter.

re-enactIn Re-enactments (pictured right) two films run simultaneously. In one, Alÿs walks through Mexico City with a gun, pointed at the ground, but nonetheless in plain view. No one reacts, no one appears to notice what may well be a hitman on his way a job, or a murderous husband on the rampage. But someone must have noticed, for the film ends with a police car screaming up, a gun aimed at his own head and his arrest. The second film is almost identical: labelled "re-enactment", it recreates that first walk minutely, right down to his arrest and disappearance into the squad-car, yet with different people in the background identically determinedly uninvolved.

Uninvolvement does not describe the bystanders in The Green Line, a film subtitled “(Sometimes doing something poetic can become political and sometimes doing something political can become poetic)”. Walking, says the artist, is an attitude: it’s “a very immediate and handy way of interacting and eventually interfering within a given context”. The Green Line is the border established by the UN after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, since breached by Israel, and the artist recreates a political and geographical metaphor literally, drizzling a line of green paint from a leaking can as he goes. No one is uninvolved in this event: shouting children follow him as he nonchalantly strolls; residents watch from their gardens, curious, or annoyed, sometimes just waving to the following camera. In the gallery the film is accompanied by 10 commentators’ views, switched on or off by the viewers. Now all are intertwined: the artist by his action, those filmed as he passes by theirs, the commentators and the gallery-visitors. The walk is no longer a poetic statement, an act of absurdist defiance in the face of an uncaring world, but a gesture of political engagement.

Yet futility is never far from the surface, and Alÿs’ work is an illustration and working-out of the fraud perpetrated on us all by the great con-trick of modernization, that the future will always be bigger, better, shinier, brighter. Paradox of Praxis 1 (Sometimes Doing Something Leads to Nothing) (video below) is the epitome of futility, as Alÿs pushes a rapidly melting block of ice around Mexico City, until all that is left is a rapidly vanishing puddle. Life is hard, the film tells us, and for many, Herculean effort comes to nothing. A Story of Deception, a film shot on an endlessly unrolling road in Patagonia, where watery pools endlessly turn into yet one more mirage, encapsulates much of his work.

Alys_dj_vuDespite this, Alÿs’ work, and world, is one of infinite charm. His acrylic paintings, often semi-caricatured in style, have a comic edge, with the figures often looking like they wandered out of a Tintin book, even while they are unsettling – Déjà vu (left) is two identical small panels that show  a small gestural brushstroke of a man reflected in a puddle, sited in two different rooms: you see the first, wonder if the reflection is the déjà-vu element, then move on to other pieces; by the time the second pops up in another room, you have forgotten the title, and wonder if you have mistakenly doubled back. Déjà vu not a major piece, but that brief "ping" of uncertainty is achieved with remarkable wit and brevity. A different kind of wit, more pointed, a bit sour, was displayed as Alÿs’ contribution to the 2001 Venice Biennale (not on show here). Asked to participate, Alÿs signalled both his attitude to art-world display, and to his own pride, or otherwise, at being asked, by sending a peacock to represent him.

Alys_Rehearsal_IYet the sheer folly of life is joyously exposed in Rehearsal I (right), a film in which the stops, starts, repetitions and stutters of a brass band rehearsing are synchronized to the image of a Volkswagen Beetle trying (and failing) to drive up a dirt road. When the music stops, the car rolls back; when the music begins again, the car gains traction. As it drives past dusty houses perilously perched on the hill, the car is clearly a metaphor for developing countries and their struggle. Yet all the time, the band resolutely begins again, a brassy, defiant, absurdly hopeful sound as it looks forward – a fine symbol for a fine show.

Watch Alÿs’ Paradox of Praxis I, 1997

Alÿs’ work is an illustration and working-out of the fraud perpetrated on us all, that the future will always be bigger, better, shinier, brighter

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